Journal of Literary and Cultural Analysis https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Journal of Literary and Cultural Analysis</strong> <strong>(JLCA)</strong> is an <strong>open access and double-blind peer-reviewed</strong> International Journal <em><strong>(ISSN:2582-8827)</strong></em> committed to promote original research and findings in the fields like Literature, Culture, Humanities and Social Sciences, etc. It is a multi-disciplinary and <strong>Bi-annual academic journal</strong> relevant to academicians, researchers, theorists, and scholars interested in Art, Aesthetics, Culture, Literature, Folklore, History, Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, etc.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The aim of the journal is to publish outstanding research articles, case studies, short communications, interviews, book reviews, analyses, and other creative writings. We invite original, unpublished research papers, both qualitative and quantitative, relevant to the areas of our journal.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><a title="Read More" href="http://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/about">Read More</a></p> Dr. Sunil K.Mishra en-US Journal of Literary and Cultural Analysis 2582-8827 Representing Conjugal Relationship in Ruth Prawer Jhabvala’s The Householder https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/article/view/52 <p>The Householder is one of the most seminal works written by R.P Jhabvala. In her novels, she examines the social milieu of middle-class Indians who have profited from Indian’s increasing urbanization and European expatriates who have married into Indian Families. The paper aims to scrutinize man –women relationship in the Householder.&nbsp; The issue is well presented through Prem, a young recently married man and Indu, an exotic and sybaritic wife. The book makes us aware of the daily routine life of the couple in a very realistic manner. The book also unfolds how trivial matters and misunderstanding create great problems in relationships. Jhabvala seems to be a great observe of man woman psyche which she has portrayed through the characters of Prem and Indu.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. Tribhuwan Kumar Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 1 1 1 6 From Economy to Ecology: Romantic Disillusionment https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/article/view/53 <p>Distraught reality and disillusioned youth though the reality of war is always the same but misapprehension about it has time and again blurred the vision of generations. Be it the expeditions of Britain or the ‘French Revolution’ one staggering emotion has always held the youth bound to the glory attached to war i.e., liberation. Therefore, the romantic age poets namely Wordsworth, Coleridge, PB Shelley or Lord Byron though they never promoted violence and bloodshed of the war-front, still they could not escape from the dazzled glory of war. Owing to the ignition of the world, the current of romanticism found its roots in the very soil of nature, thereby came the primitive radical attitude. Edward Dowden, prominent Victorian critic, viewed ‘French Revolution’ as an expounding force that framed the ideology of romanticism and intertwines in the pretext of major works of the era. These romantic writers were stirred from the belittling attitude of government towards nature and citizens. Romanticism was slowly but steadily ushering on the frontier of liberty, equality and fraternity further strengthening the dilemma of war being fruitful for the common man. In this paper, we aim to actualize the reality of war being romanticized by poets to the extremity of squandering their own life in it.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Palak Arora Manshi Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 1 1 7 10 Reclaiming Female Identities: Kundanika Kapadia’s “Seven Steps in the Sky” https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/article/view/54 <p>Discourse on the self and identity is central to contemporary feminist theory. Contemporary modern Indian literature is dominated by the writings of women who share their lived and imagined experiences in their works. Their works are dominated by the influence of patriarchy on their lives and the necessity to oppose the male domination and the social conditioning of women. Indian women writers such as Shashi Deshpande, Kamala Das, Mahasweta Devi, Kundanika Kapadia, etc. reject the traditional portrayal of women as enduring and sacrificial victims. Instead, they have moulded bold and assertive female characters who constantly strive to establish their individual identity.&nbsp; Kundanika Kapadia is one such author who offered Gujarati literature female characters of substance who had the courage to question the patriarchal ideology and proclaim their identity amidst social and cultural conditioning. Her best-known novel <em>Seven Steps In the Sky</em> (originally published as <em>Sat Paglan Akashma)</em> introduces Vasudha as the Subject, who moves out of her marital relationship after thirty-two years of servitude and exploitation. This paper attempts to explore her struggle for freedom and identity in a patriarchal society through female bonding and support.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ms. Rehana Gaffar Vadgama Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 1 1 11 15 Examining Regality and Grand Politics in the Indian Vision: A Lesser Explored Dimension of Tagore’s Rajarshi https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/article/view/56 <p>The novel <em>Rajarshi </em>by Rabindranath Tagore provides one of his most sustained meditation on statehood, the political role of religion and the normative within the social order. One may interpret the novel in terms of oppositions between the state and the temple, or nature and culture, or individual and society. But, Tagore’s holistic vision very likely cannot be comprehended in terms of such dialectic oppositions. The dynamics of this novel can be understood when we observe how Tagore places every individual incident and individual polity in the context of a ‘grand politics’, a context in which nature and culture play equal roles, drawing from each other, conflicting with each other as well as asserting each other. In following the development of the protagonist, Raja Gobindamanikya, the readers become connected with this vision of grand politics.The paper intends to demonstrate how the holistic political understanding of Gobindamanikya provides us with a progressive vision of society, a vision that asserts humanity above the forces of oppression and discrimination on the basis of caste, religion or economic status. As we know, Friedrich Nietzsche criticized the dominant morality for imposing an artificial sense of righteousness, an artificiality that curbs liveliness in society. As opposed to this, he proposes nobility in spirit, the kind of nobility that respects our natural life and builds up an organic vision of society. Gobindamanikya demonstrates such sense of connection with both the pristine in nature and the best sensibilities of human society, thus providing us with a version of Nietzschean noble morality that is fitting to the Indian context. The paper shall portray how Tagore’s noble morality, however, reinstates the concept of divinity that Nietzsche dismissed, thus achieving a moral vision that is more assertive rather than transgressive in nature.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nisarga Bhattacharjee Ananya Chatterjee Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 1 1 Optimistic Approach of Anita Desai’s Sita towards Life: In the Novel Where Shall We Go This Summer? https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/article/view/57 <p>Anita Desai’s <em>Where Shall We Go This Summer?</em> Distinctive Sahitya Academy Award winner novel vignettes the female’s psyche of Indian middle-class women. Desai is a note-worthy writer of novels of Indo-Anglian era once again examined analyzed and appraised the female character Sita. Indian mythological related name Sita has its own worth and maintains an ideal physique with few characteristics. But Desai’s Sita is a modern middle-class figure with her own sensibility and aspiration. This particular novel during 70’s brought a new wave of intelligence and enlightened the society about female’s inner world of frustration and state of mind. As they look calm and tranquil but a bustling or swarming of emotion talk place in the inner heart. Those inner pages are well devoured by Anita Desai and tried her best to paint with different shades of colors in such a way that it looks vivid and realistic. She propitiously accomplished it. Her fictional technique brought out every corner of Sita’s animation with chanciness. Her fictional image somewhere co-relates with middle class women of India and they perceive their real self in Sita’s identity.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. Aneeta Srivastava Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 1 1 28 33 Assertion of Self- Identity in the Select Poems of Kamala Das https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/article/view/58 <p>Kamala Das, a very remarkable poet of Indian English poetry, expresses her personal emotional experiences in her autobiographical poems. Her poems express the poet's craving for love and an intense study of marital relationships. She articulates the despair and dejection of the fellow woman through her writings. Quest for identity is undoubtedly the perennial theme of Kamala Das’ Poetry. Her suffering became symbolic of human suffering. In her poems, she suggests that women's personal feelings of longing are part of womanhood's collective experience.</p> <p>In a male-dominated world, she tried to assert her individuality to maintain her female identity. She is a revolutionary poet who started the trend towards frankness in treating the issues that were considered taboo. Thus, the paper focuses on the personal quest of Kamala Das as a poet and whether her confessional poetry was a medium of searching for her feminine identity in a male-dominated world.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Lalita Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 1 1 34 38 We are not amused! Caricatures of and Satire on Victorian Women https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/article/view/59 <p>Humour and amusement were a reported anathema to the Victorian tight-lipped middle and upper middle class. However, when it came to the subject of laughing off at the caricatures of women in the Victorian humour magazines like Punch, the same tight-lipped people did smirk off their Victorian reserve. The apparent gravity of the educated upper caste would let go its well-guarded seriousness when it came to the presentation of women as matters of joke. Thus, through a non-serious medium of artistic expression, the animosity towards a gender could be laid bare. The theoretical apparatus used for inferring the underlying significances would be feminism and deconstruction. The primary texts would of course be the caricatures from Punch and like magazines while the critical works would include Second Sex, Of Grammatology, Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of Human Sciences and specialist critical literature like Graphic Women Life Narrative and Contemporary Comics by Hillary L. Chute which deals with both together. The paper using one of the popular theories of Freud, namely the psychological state of mind revealed by jokes, probes the caricatures as vents of collective repression of consciousness or sub consciousness.</p> Dr. Pritesh Chakraborty Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 1 1 39 49 Decrypting the Female Psyche in Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni’s The Palace of Illusions https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/article/view/60 <p>Psyche addresses most profound musings, perspectives and feelings in one’s life. As Alice H. Eagly opines, prominent psychologists may reinstate the belief that there is no significant segregation between male and female psyche, as they are clubbed within the umbrella of “human psyche”, still it is inevitable to differentiate the mechanisms of male and female minds, and the gender segregation especially with respect to literature. Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni has successfully portrayed this distinction through her path breaking novel The Palace of Illusions, published in 2008 as it effectively captures the renowned tale of Mahabharata reinterpreted through the perspective of Draupadi or Panchaali, as the protagonist.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dipak Kumar Mandal Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 1 1 50 55 The Diaspora Sensibility in Amitav Ghosh’s The Glass Palace and M. G. Vassanji’s The In-between World of Vikram Lall https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/article/view/61 <p>The postcolonial text focuses on migrations, forced or voluntary, in socio-political and cultural contexts and both at individual and collective levels. The forced migration for indentured labour, slavery and sometimes under the compulsion of existence scattered the people of colonies across the world.</p> Dr. Kusum Sanju Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 1 1 56 67 Empowering Women through Education: A reading of Anne Brontë’s fiction https://jlca.in/index.php/jlca/article/view/62 <p>Nineteenth century Britain witnessed radical economic challenges brought about by rapid industrialisation and a burgeoning market that spread across the globe. It its wake it brought about significant changes in human rights, political rights, and labour rights as well as in the field of education. However, when it came to the question of women’s emancipation, the Victorian age proved to be regressive. The period saw a calcification of repressive moral stances and a devaluation of women’s labour. Cognizant of the restrictive role accorded to women Anne Brontë envisages a woman who can stand shoulder to shoulder with her male counterpart. She recognizes that the key to women’s emancipation lies in reimagining education – both male and female. Anne Brontë did not subscribe to the Victorian belief that the “true end of the education of women is making good wives and mothers.” Nor did she accept that boys should be educated in “masculinity.” Instead, she forwarded a concept of holistic education that will create well-rounded human beings. Eclipsed by the writings of her more talented sisters, Anne Brontë’s works tend to be marginalized, much like her protagonists. This paper attempts a comparative study of <em>Agnes Grey</em> and <em>The Tenant of Wildfell Hall </em>by Anne Brontë; to explore the socio-economical condition of Victorian women and their access to educational opportunities and the labour market. It traces Anne Brontë’s radical educational philosophy and attempts to uncover the thinkers who influenced her.</p> Dr. Sangeetha Puthiyedath Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-05-10 2021-05-10 1 1 68 78